51. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
freedom of expression freedom to petition the government
freedom of speech freedom of worship
freedom of assembly the right to bear arms
52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
the United States the flag
53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
give up loyalty to other countries
defend the Constitution and laws of the United States
obey the laws of the United States
serve in the U.S. military (if needed)
serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)
be loyal to the United States
54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*
eighteen (18) and older
55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
vote give an elected official your opinion on an issue
join a political party call Senators and Representatives
help with a campaign publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
join a civic group run for office
join a community group write to a newspaper
56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*
57. When must all men register for the Selective Service?
at age eighteen (18) between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)
A: Colonial Period and Independence
58. What is one reason colonists came to America?
freedom religious freedom escape persecution
political liberty practice their religion economic opportunity
59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
American Indians Native Americans
60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
Africans people from Africa
61. Why did the colonists fight the British?
because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
because they didn’t have self-government
62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
July 4, 1776
64. There were 13 original states. Name three.
New Hampshire New York Maryland
Massachusetts New Jersey Virginia
Rhode Island Pennsylvania North Carolina
Connecticut Delaware South Carolina
65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
The Constitution was written. The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
66. When was the Constitution written?
67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
(James) Madison (John) Jay
(Alexander) Hamilton Publius
68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
U.S. diplomat writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”
oldest member of the Constitutional Convention started the first free libraries
first Postmaster General of the United States
69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?
70. Who was the first President?*
71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
the Louisiana Territory Louisiana
72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
War of 1812 Civil War
Mexican-American War Spanish-American War
73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
the Civil War the War between the States
74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
slavery economic reasons states’ rights
75. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*
freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
saved (or preserved) the Union
led the United States during the Civil War
76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
freed the slaves freed slaves in the Confederate states
freed slaves in the Confederacy freed slaves in most Southern states
77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?
fought for women’s rights fought for civil rights
C: Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information
78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.
World War I Korean War (Persian) Gulf War
World War II Vietnam War
79. Who was President during World War I?
80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
81. Who did the United States fight in World War II?
Japan, Germany, and Italy
82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
World War II
83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
civil rights (movement)
85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*
fought for civil rights worked for equality for all Americans
86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?
Terrorists attacked the United States.
87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.
[USCIS Officers will be supplied with a list of federally recognized American Indian tribes.]
Cherokee Chippewa Apache Blackfeet Arawak Huron Crow
Navajo Choctaw Iroquois Seminole Shawnee Oneida Teton
Sioux Pueblo Creek Cheyenne Mohegan Lakota Hopi
88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.
Missouri (River) Mississippi (River)
89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
91. Name one U.S. territory.
Puerto Rico Northern Mariana Islands
U.S. Virgin Islands Guam
92. Name one state that borders Canada.
Maine Pennsylvania North Dakota
New Hampshire Ohio Montana
Vermont Michigan Idaho
New York Minnesota Washington
93. Name one state that borders Mexico.
California New Mexico
94. What is the capital of the United States?*
95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?*
New York (Harbor) Liberty Island
[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]
96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
because there were 13 original colonies
because the stripes represent the original colonies
97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?*
because there is one star for each state
because each star represents a state
because there are 50 states
98. What is the name of the national anthem?
The Star-Spangled Banner
99. When do we celebrate Independence Day?*
100. Name two national U.S. holidays.
New Year’s Day Memorial Day Columbus Day
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day Independence Day Veterans Day
Presidents’ Day Labor Day Thanksgiving